نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین خوزستان

2 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه ترویج کشاورزی، ارتباطات و توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان

چکیده

گرم شدن جهانی و یا تغییرات آب و هوایی، یکی از جدی‌ترین چالش‌های زیست‌محیطی است و اثرات طولانی‌مدت آن می‌تواند عواقب جدی اقتصادی، اجتماعی و زیست محیطی به همراه داشته باشد. بخش کشاورزی یکی از بخش‌های آسیب‌پذیر و مهم نسبت به تغییرات آب و هوایی است. از آنجایی که کشاورزان تصمیم گیرنده‌ای مهم برای مدیریت زمین‌های کشاورزی جهت سازگاری با شرایط آب و هوایی در حال تغییر هستند و به علاوه باورها و درک خطرات آب و هوایی از عوامل مهم بر رفتار سازگاری آنها می‌باشد؛ لذا هدف کلی این پژوهش، تعیین عوامل موثر بر باورها و درک خطرات کشاورزان نسبت به تغییرات آب و هوایی می‌باشد. نمونه پژوهش بر اساس نمونه‌گیری خوشه ای تصادفی از میان کشاورزان استان خوزستان انتخاب شد (400n=). نتایج رگرسیون نشان داد، از میان متغیرهای تحقیق، متغیر اعتماد به رسانه قوی‌ترین پیش بینی کننده باور به وقوع تغییرات آب و هوایی (25/0=β) و باور به علل تغییرات آب و هوایی (23/0=β) است. همچنین برجستگی خطر قوی ترین پیش بینی کننده باور به اثرات تغییرات آب و هوایی (35/0=β) و باور به اثرات تغییرات آب و هوایی، قوی ترین پیش بینی کننده درک خطر (35/0=β) است. بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش، پیشنهاداتی در جهت بهبود باورها درباره تغییرات آب و هوایی و خشکسالی و درک خطر این تهدید ارائه شده‌است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Beliefs and Risk Perception of Farmers’ of Khuzestan Province toward Climate Change

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoud Yazdanpanah 1
  • Tahereh Zobeidi 2

1 Associate Professor, Department of Agriculture Extension and Education, Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University, Khuzestan, Iran

2 Ph.D. student, Department of Agricultural Extension, Communication and Rural Development, Zanjan University, Zanjan, Iran

چکیده [English]

Global warming or climate change, one of the most serious environmental challenges and the long term effects it, can have social, economical and environmental consequences. Also The agricultural sector is one of the sectors most vulnerable to climate change. Since the farmers are the critical decision makers in terms of how to manage agricultural land to adapt to changing climate conditions, their beliefs and risk perception toward climate change are important factors for the adaptation of farmers. therefore The aim of this study was to determine factors affecting farmers’ beliefs and risk perception. The sample is based on Cluster random sampling selected among farmers in Khouzestan province (n=400). The results of regression showed that, among the research variables, the variable trust in media is strongest predictor of belief in the occurrence of climate change (β= 0/25) and belief in the causes of climate change (β=0/23). Also, the risk salience is the strongest predictor of belief in the effects of climate change (β= 0/35) and belief in the effects of climate change, is the most powerful predictor of perceived risk (β= 0/35). On the results of research, Recommendations for development of risk perception and beliefs toward climate change and drought are offered.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Global Warming
  • trust
  • risk perception
  • climate change
  • Belief
  • Khuzestan. Farmers

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